Muslims cite many references in both Old and New Testaments to prove that Mohammed was prophesied in the Bible. However, a close examination of these references shows that they don’t fit Mohammed. These are references that usually point either to Jesus or the Holy Spirit. Here are the most quoted examples:
- In the Old Testament: ” The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken. I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.” (Deuteronomy 18:15 & 18)
This can’t possibly refer to Mohammed. Mohammed is the descendant of Ishmael, and the Jews never looked at the descendants of Ishmael as “brothers.” On the other hand Jesus fits the description “like unto Moses.” Jesus was a Hebrew, as was Moses, while Mohamed was not. Jesus performed signs and wonders, as did Moses, and Mohamed did not. Peter, in the New Testament, left no doubt about the fact that this prophecy applies to Jesus. (See Acts 3:20-26)
- In the New Testament: ” But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me. “(John 16:26).
Muslims say that the Greek word which was translated “the comforter”, actually means ” the praised one” or “Mahmoud” in Arabic, in reference to Mohammed. It is true that there is a word, similar in pronunciation, which means “the praised one,” however the word used in the Gospels is different and is accurately translated to “the Comforter.” This, no doubt, refers to the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is a spirit, while Mohammed was flesh. The Holy Spirit was sent to the disciples, but Mohammed came in 6 centuries after the death of the disciples. The Holy Spirit was said that he would “dwell” with the disciples (John14: 17). On the other hand Mohammed never saw the disciples. It was said that the world would “not see” the Holy Spirit, but people saw Mohammed.
What is the proof that the Crucifixion actually took place? How could an all-mighty God die at the hand of humans? Why would God need to die to save humanity, anyway? Doesn’t the all-powerful God possess the authority to forgive whom He pleases, and when He pleases, without the need to die on a cross?
- The story of the Crucifixion is a fact not fiction; it has been recorded by many reliable sources. Here are just a few examples:Historians’ Testimony such as the Greek Tacitos (A.D.55), the Jewish Falavius Josephus (A.D.37-97), The Romans Pliny the Younger and Seutonius, and many others who referred to the Crucifixion of Jesus in their writings.
The Jewish Talmud Testimony (Refer to the 1943 Amsterdam edition, page 42)
The Old Testament Testimony as it has been recorded in the many prophecies pointing to the Crucifixion (Genesis 3:15, Psalm 22:16, Isaiah 53, and Zechariah 11: 12-13).
Jesus’ own Testimony in the New Testament predicting his own crucifixion (Matthew 17:22-23, Mark 8:31, and Luke 9:22).
The Gospels’ Testimony.
The Apostles’ Testimony (Acts 2:22-23, Romans 3:24, Romans 10:9-10, 1Corinthians 1:18), and in many other places, and their willingness to die for proclaiming that truth.
The Nicene Creed Testimony in A.D.325.
- The Crucifixion of Jesus was not an accidental incident that happened by chance at some point in history. It was a divine and eternal plan. From the beginning, before man fell into sin, God knew what would happen and prepared a way to save man (1Peter 1:18-21, Acts2: 23-24).
- When man disobeyed God by eating from the forbidden tree, he committed a gross sin against God. This sin is punishable by eternal death. The judgment came to Adam and his seed after him, who inherited the fallen nature (Romans 6:23, Ezekiel 18:20).
- God can only act according to His basic attributes. Because God is faithful, He can not lie, and because He is just, He can not let sin go unpunished. God’s plan for salvation must satisfy both His love and His justice (Psalms 85:10).
- This could only be accomplished when God took human flesh and accepted death on the cross on our behalf, to pay the penalty of our sin (John 3:16; Romans 5: 8; 1John 4:10).
The Quran says that God revealed the Injil (the Gospel), to Jesus. However, Christians have four different Gospels written by four different men. How do you explain this?
- Contrary to what the Quran says, there was no such thing as an “Injil” that was given, revealed or taught to Jesus. No such book was ever found, or referred to in any historical references. When Mohammed came in, 7 centuries after Christ, the four Gospels were already known allover the known world, including the Arabian Peninsula. The Quran never claimed that there was anything wrong with the Book of the Christians, and never revealed a corrected version of it.
- The word “injil” (gospel) is derived from the Greek language to mean “good news.” St. Paul provided a definition of the Gospel in (1 Corinthians 15:1-4), “Brethren, I declare unto you the Gospel, which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand: By which also ye are saved. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Jesus died for our sins according to the scriptures; and that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures.” Although there are four gospels, but all of the four gospels are witnesses to that one gospel: that Jesus died, was buried, and rose again. All ended by stating this fact.
- Jesus never ordered his disciples to record his words. He promised his disciples that he would send the Holy Spirit to dwell in them, to teach them all things and remind them of all what Jesus had done and said (John 14:26). On the day of Pentecost, Jesus fulfilled his promise, when the Holy Spirit dwelt in the disciples (Acts2: 1-4, 15-22).
- The four Gospels were written by four different men, inspired by the Holy Spirit. The gospels narrate, from different viewpoints, what Jesus did and said during his ministry. They don’t contradict, but rather complement one another.
- The different versions of the Bible, are different translations, using different languages and different dialects. All these translations are taken from the original texts and have been done by experts as accurately as humanly possible. If there are variations in the wording of the texts they are because of the different shades of meanings that the original words could carry. However, the essence of the Bible is the same. The same situation applies also to the Quran. There are many translations of the Quran, which differ from one another and those who don’t speak Arabic have to rely on the translations.
- The claim of the corruption of the Bible is an idea that Muslims had to invent to justify the many discrepancies of the Quran when compared to the Bible. For somebody to claim that the Bible in our hands is corrupt, they must be able to present the correct copy as evidence. There is no such correct copy of the Bible other than the one we have. Extant (currently existing) manuscripts of the Bible dating to the 4th and 5th centuries — long before the birth of Islam — are found to agree completely with the text we now have. The oldest extant fragment of the book of John dates to about 125 A.D.
- The Quran actually testified to the validity of the Bible and repeatedly said so (see Sura 4:47; 2: 41, 91; 20:133; 29:46). Accordingly, Muslims can not argue that Christians and Jews corrupted their Bible before the birth of Islam.
- On the other hand, It is inconceivable that the corruption of the Bible took place after Islam, either. It was virtually impossible for this to have happened, seven centuries after the birth of Christianity, and after Christianity had spread all over the world. By that time Christianity had divided into many denominations that were not even talking to one another, much less sitting down together and agreeing on a conspiracy to forge their Book. Also, how could they have kept this conspiracy a secret without having somebody coming out and disclosing it? This, in addition to the fact that the Bible had by then been translated into many languages, and so to corrupt the Bible one would have had to collect all the existing Bibles in the world and destroy them, which would have been impossible to do.
- Christianity doesn’t believe in three gods, but one true God (James 2:19,
- It is clear from both the Old and New Testaments that God is a triune God. The concept of a triune God is the most logical because it reveals God as sufficient in Himself. As Christians, we believe in God being one God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This is not 1+1+1=3, but rather 1x1x1=1.
- The belief of Jesus being “the Son” of God doesn’t come from the physical sense of the word. It doesn t mean that God, at a certain time, had sex and produced a child. Jesus is the Son of God from eternity.
- To say that Jesus is the Son of God is to mean that He, spiritually, was with God from the beginning. (John1:1) However, at a certain point of time in history, he was miraculously incarnated into a human being through the Virgin Mary (Matthew 2:1), to redeem our fallen human race.
- Jesus didn’t come out and directly say he was God because he was never asked if he was God. If he volunteered to say he was God that would have been understood by the Jews that he was Yahweh, the Father. The Jews at the time didn’t have understanding of the concept of the Trinity. Jesus was personally distinct from the Person of the Father, although sharing the same essence and nature with him.
- But, when Jesus was asked about his relationship to God, he gave a direct answer; saying that he is the Son of God.
“Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blaspheme, because I said I am the Son of God?
(See also John 9: 35- 38, Matthew 27: 43, and John 3:16)
- God the Father called Jesus My Beloved Son (Mark1: 11, Matthew 17: 5, and 2Peter 1:17)
- Others like the disciples and John the Baptist called Jesus the Son of God (Mark 1:1, Matthew 14: 33 & 16: 17, John 1: 32-34, 49, John 11: 27, Acts 9: 20, and 1John 4: 15.)
- Even Evil Spirits confessed that he is the Son of God (Matthew 8: 29, Mark 1: 24 & 3: 11)
- There are many references in the Bible that indicate Jesus is God.
Jon 8: 58
Jesus used for himself the same name that God used when he spoke to Moses as he approached the burning bush, “Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, before Abraham was, I am.”
Jesus says that he existed from the beginning, “In the beginning was the word, and the ward was with God, and the word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him and without him was not any thing made that was made.”
- Jesus’ enemies understood that he was making himself to be God, despite also claiming to be someone other than God. (John 5: 16- 18, John 10: 27- 33)
- A week after the resurrection, Thomas, one of his disciples, confessed to Jesus calling him, “My Lord and my God.” Jesus did not correct him, but praised him and all who would believe the same in the future, saying “Have you believed because you have seen me? Blessed are those who not seen and yet have believed.” John 20: 24- 29
- This explains why the writers of the New Testament applied the term “God” when talking about Jesus. (See Romans 9:5, Titus 2: 13, Hebrews 1: 8, and 2Peter 1: 1)
If Christianity is so great, how come we hear of a higher divorce rate among Christians, alcoholism and drug abuse, priests raping children and homosexuals being married in churches?
- Divorce is not allowed in Christianity except for adultery (Matthew 19:3-9). Alcohol, drugs, or any destructive habits to the body are totally forbidden in Christianity (1Corinthians 6:19&20). Fornication with children or adults is condemned in Christianity (1Corinthians 7:18). Homosexuality is forbidden in Christianity (Romans 1:26&27), and was called abomination in the Bible (Leviticus 18:22). Because of homosexuality God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah ( Genesis 19:25).
- It is clear that those who commit such sins, although they may be called “Christians,” are actually not, because they don’t follow the teachings of Christianity. The holy Book of any religion is the only base to judge a religion, not those who break its commandments.
- The same rule applies to Islam. We don’t judge Islam by the behavior of Muslims but by the teachings of the Quran and Hadith.
- First we have to assume that Islam is in fact the fastest growing religion. No concrete scientific evidence has been presented to prove the point. It may well be that perhaps atheism is the fastest growing belief in the world.
- It is not coincidental that the growth of Islam happened to occur during the last few decades, and after the discovery of oil in the Islamic world. Billions of Dollars from oil revenues have been poured into Islamic evangelism. The money is being used to build mosques, hire activists, print books and pamphlets, and buy television and radio time. The money is also being used to help financially those who embrace Islam, and to support extremist Islamic groups who are waging a jihad against those whom they label as infidels. It is a carrot and the stick policy to entice people into Islam, and at the same time to deter critics of Islam from freely voicing their opinions.
- The total number of followers is not indicative of the validity of the religion. Movements that fall in line with satisfying fleshly desires are usually more popular than those which seek to satisfy the spirit. For example, a party that will feature a performance of belly dancers will most likely attract more people than a prayer meeting.
- Christianity never claimed that it is a religion for the masses, rather it is only for the few who sincerely search for the truth. Jesus said, “wide is the gate, and broad is the way that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat: Because straight is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.” (Matthew 7:13&14). Notice here that the broad way that leads to destruction is available for the masses to simply go upon it. On the other hand, the narrow way is not easily found. One must be willing to search for it until he/she finds it. On the broad way, people benefit from going upon it, while on the narrow way, people sacrifice by going upon it.
- Polygamy is against human nature. No woman, whether she is a Muslim, a Christian, a Jew or an atheist would be happy to see another woman in the arms of her husband. When God created Adam, He created for him one Eve not four.
- God did not design polygamy in the Old Testament. It was man’s choice and it was a corrupting element for man. Solomon’s wives corrupted his life and he ended up being disobedient to the God of Israel, and worshiping idols.
- In the New Testament Jesus made it clear that it is one woman for one man. Jesus said, “But from the beginning of the creation God made them (one) male and (one) female. For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife; and they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain but one flesh.” (Mark 10: 6-8)
- Although such violence was done in the name of Christianity, Christianity did not sanction it. Because the Crusades to control Jerusalem were not from God, they ended in defeat. This land was not for them. Christianity is a spiritual and peaceful religion that doesn’t call for physical occupation of lands or political rule over people.
- Any person who claims to be Christian and commits atrocities against others is not a true Christian. The fruit of a tree is an indication of what kind of a tree it is. The fruit of a Spirit- filled Christian is “love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance.” (Galatians 5:22&23).
- The wars in the Balkan are ethnic rather than religious. They took place between different ethnic groups that happened to belong to Christianity or Islam. It is an old struggle, and all sides committed atrocities against one another during different periods of past history. Christianity doesn’t approve of the atrocities committed by those so-called “Christians.” Christians around the world condemned the violence against the Muslims, and Western, predominantly Christian, countries were instrumental in stopping the violence and protecting the Muslims.
- By contrast, the Muslim government of Khartoum is waging genocide against Christians and Animists in South Sudan. Over 2 millions have been killed so far, and thousands of women and children are being sold into slavery. We have yet to see a Muslim country coming to help those victimized people.
- The Old Testament does, indeed, record various acts of violence committed by men against each other or kings against other kings. Much of that was done against God’s will, and the aggressors in such violence were condemned and punished by God.
- Another type of so-called violence in the Old Testaments was actually punishment from God against evil nations. Those nations took it upon themselves to disobey God’s authority, tempt God’s people to commit sin, sow corruption on earth, and defile the land. The reason that God decided to get rid of them was to contain evil so it would not contaminate society, and to stop evil from spreading through their offspring. Sometimes God dealt directly with such evil as in the cases of the flood at the time of Noah and the burning of Sodom and Gomorrah. At other times God ordered His people to eliminate these evil nations. It is important to note that God’s judgment came upon these nations after a waiting period of 400 years (Genesis15). During that time God gave them chance after chance to repent, but they chose to continue with their evil, filling the cup of their iniquity.
- The New Testament, on the other hand, brings with it a new dispensation based on grace. Forgiveness was the main theme of Jesus’ teachings. When the Jews brought to Him a woman who was caught committing adultery, asking that she be stoned, Jesus gave the woman a second chance, telling the accusers, “He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.” (John 8:7). Jesus taught us not to resist evil, but to turn the other cheek (Matthew 5:39). Jesus rebuked Peter for using the sword (Matthew 26:52). When Jesus’ disciples, James and John, asked for fire to come down from heaven to consume a village that did not receive Him, Jesus rebuked them saying, “Ye, know not what manner of spirit ye are of. For the Son of man is not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them.” (Luke 9:55&56)
- It seems regressive rather than progressive that, after Jesus, another messenger would come from God, to advocate using the sword.